CPR can help save a life during a cardiac or breathing emergency. In order to help you help someone in need, here is a step-by-step guide to CPR.
Before Giving CPR
- Look around and make sure the scene is safe. If either you or the person in need of help is in an unsafe area, such as a road, move to a safe location.
- Tap the person on the shoulder and shout "Are you OK?" If they are unable to respond this is a clear sign that they are in need of your help.
- Call 911 for help or ask someone nearby to call - do this before you anything else! Getting more help is extremely important.
- If someone else is around ask that they look for an Automated External Defibrillator, better known as an AED. They might trying asking local businesses if they have one, such as restaurants.
- Lay the person on their back and tilt the head back slightly so the chin is pointing towards the sky. This will help open the airway and make it easier for them to breath.
- Carefully check for breathing for 10 seconds. If there is no breathing begin CPR.
|Tilt the head back slightly||Hands one on top of the other, in the middle of the chest|
- Kneel next to the person.
- Place your hands, one on top of the other, in the middle of the chest.
- Push down on the chest at least 2 inches deep at a rate of at least 100 compressions per minute. Use the tune of the song “Staying Alive” by the Bee Gees to keep the tempo. Leaning over the person helps use your body weight, helping you to give compressions.
- If someone else is around to help, switch with them as you start to get tired.
- Keep doing chest compressions until the person exhibits signs of life (such as breathing, grunting, or moving).
- As soon as an AED becomes available make sure to put in on the person - if you have never seen or used an AED that’s ok! They come with clear directions and often have voice instructions to walk you through each step.
- If an AED is not available continue compressions until a trained medical responder arrives on scene.
Note: End the cycles if the scene becomes unsafe or you cannot continue performing CPR due to exhaustion.